The Numbers

The key numbers we use on this campaign are explained here.

Presentation Shared with Councillors

Progress and Policies in Canadian Cities

Toronto ON

Green Bus Technology Plan  TTC has purchased 60 electric buses from 3 manufacturers, these buses will enter service in 2019.  TTC is planning to buy over 900 e-buses between 2018 and 2027.  No diesel or hybrid buses will be purchased after 2024.  All e-buses will be long range, charged at the garage at night and between shifts.  TTC is working closely with Toronto Hydro on power storage and this will reduce the cost of charging significantly.

Montreal QC

Montreal has been running a pilot project with Nova buses and is now expanding the pilot to 40 buses.  The new order has gone to New Flyer for long range buses. Montreal is planning to stop buying diesel buses in 2025.

Laval QC

Laval has partnered with Montreal and is receiving 10 New Flyer long range buses.  Laval is planning to stop buying diesel buses in 2023.

Edmonton AB

Edmonton has ordered 50 e-buses from Proterra following winter trials documented in the Marcon Edmonton Electric Bus Feasibility Study  Edmonton is looking to stop buying diesel buses in 2020.

Vancouver BC

Vancouver has signed the C40 Fossil Fuel Free Streets Declaration and will not be buying diesel buses after 2025.  Translink has ordered 4 buses for their initial trials in 2019.  This two-and-a-half year integration trial is part of a pan-Canadian initiative led by the Canadian Urban Transit Research and Innovation Consortium (CUTRIC).  Vancouver already operates 262 electric trolley buses, one of the few surviving trolley bus networks in North America.

St Albert AB

St Albert has been running e-buses since 2017, expanding the fleet in 2018.

Victoria BC

BC Transit in Victoria has been running electric bus trials since early 2018, BYD and New Flyer are providing the buses for the trial.  Green Power has been trialing its double decker e-bus with CVS tours in Victoria.

Lethbridge AB

Lethbridge is moving forward with electric buses, a contract for 7 buses was tendered in later 2018.

Calgary AB

Calgary is looking at investing $26M in an e-bus pilot

Winnipeg MB

Winnipeg is studying e-buses.  Winnipeg Transit currently operates a demonstration with 4 e-buses from New Flyer.

Halifax NS

Halifax has produced a detailed study on e-buses.

Belleville ON

Belleville ran a 6 week trial in 2017 with BYD

Gatineau QC

Gatineau ran a trial with BYD in 2013 including runs in to Ottawa, even at this early date, the trial demonstrated a practical range of about 250 km.

Progress in US Cities.

Battery Electric Buses State of the Practice (2018) A detailed overview of US progress.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 2018. Battery
Electric Buses State of the Practice. Washington, DC: The National Academies



BloombergNEF Electric Vehicle Outlook

BloombergNEF C40 Report on Electric Buses

Repower Group Analysis

Studies and Reports

What Hinders the Adoption of Battery Electric Buses in Transit

Electric Bus Study for New York City Transit Columbia University

King County Metro Battery Electric Bus Demonstration—Preliminary Project Results  Federal Transit Administration

Will Canada Miss the Bus? An interesting report on the state of e-buses in Canada from Clean Energy Canada


Climate Change Commitments

C40 Fossil Fuel Free Streets Declaration

Paris Agreement

Pan Canadian Framework

OC Transpo

OC Transpo Statistics


North American e-Bus Manufacturers

Alexander Dennis based in Edinburgh UK and Napanee, IL, is working with Proterra to deliver electric double deckers to Foothill Transit in California.  ADL also works with BYD for the European market.

BYD based in Xi’an China and Lancaster, CA, is one of the largest manufacturers of electric buses.

Green Power  Based in Vancouver BC and Porterville, CA.

New Flyer based in Winnipeg MB.

Nova based in St-Eustache QC, part of the Volvo Group.

Proterra based in Burlingame, CA.  Proterra is currently the largest North American e-Bus manufacturer.

Electric School Bus Manufacturers

Lion, based in Saint-Jérôme QC, Lion also make electric paratransit buses.

Thomas Built Buses based in High Point, NC, Thomas is part of the Daimler Trucks North America Group.  Thomas is working with Proterra.

Blue Bird based in Macon GA.

Other Progress in City Electrification

New York City published the very successful results of electrification of over 1700 vehicles in their fleets.  Coverage of this is
here and here

With 400 km range the Lion8 urban class 8 electric truck is a perfect starting point for a made in Canada electric garbage truck. 

Here is a BYD electric garbage truck operating in Palo Alto.

Volvo has launched this 200 km range garbage truck.